Pigeons make wonderful pets. I have four darling pigeons who are forever keeping me entertained and a treat to come home to every day.
The basic needs of pigeons are as follows:
1. Housing: A good size for four pigeons would be at least 6 feet long by 4 feet deep and 6 feet high. It should be vermin and predator proof. The aviary floor should be cleaned once a day (pigeons spend a lot of time on the ground) and the entire aviary (perches and other surfaces) should be cleaned once a week to keep the pigeons healthy.
2. Fresh water (change it twice a day if it gets dirty quickly). Bathing: Once or twice a week cover the floor with a shower curtain, put out a tub with water, and watch the fun.
3. Pigeon food: A good racing pigeon mix from a feed supply is best. Snacks: Some snacks that pigeons enjoy are raw unsalted peanuts (small, NOT roasted), safflower, sunflower hearts, hemp, sesame seeds (raw), fruits and veggies: Mine especially like papaya (with the seeds) and sprouts.
**Avoid Avocado as it’s toxic to all birds. **Avoid Veggies like Broccoli, cauliflower and cabbage.
4. Red grit, if you can find it. It contains crushed oyster shells which is a good source of calcium. Feed is so fresh nowadays that many feed stores do not carry grit. Do offer calcium.
a. Pigeons kept indoors without exposure to direct sunlight will need a vitamin supplement because they do not produce their own vitamin D3, so build your aviary on the lanai or outside and let your birds enjoy the morning sun.
b. Adding a little Apple cider vinegar to the water once a week, helps keep their system acidic to prevent diseases like coccidiosis, canker and crop candida. The dose is 1 tbsp per gallon of fresh water.
c. Mixing probiotic powder (from the human health-food shelf) or a dollop of Greek yogurt with a few drops of sunflower oil, garlic oil, or corn oil, into the seed ration for the day will help maintain good bacteria in their gut.
d. Grating a tiny bit of garlic in the water bowls will keep feathers looking nice and internal parasites away.